Our framework presents migration as an opportunity. Therefore, our Educational Framework prepares educators and institutions to respond to the demands and opportunities that arise with changing demographics associated with human migration flows in the US and beyond. We do not tell teachers what to do nor what exactly they should teach on a day by day basis. Rather, we seek to shed light on some of the most transformative questions educators may ask as they interrogate and recast their practice to serve a growing number of immigrant-origin students and their peers.
For educators working in schools, museums, libraries, and communities interested in preparing immigrant-origin students, their families, and peers to participate fully in contemporary societies this framework stands as an invitation to re-frame migration not merely as a pressing challenge but mostly as an opportunity to re-imagine a new approach to education—one destined to benefit all.
Introducing the Re-Imagining Migration Framework
This shift in mindset includes the recognition of children in their full human potential, as full members of our shared humanity, living in and across contexts as wise cultural, linguistic, and economic straddlers. It involves the proactive de-stigmatization of marginalized immigrant-origin children and viewing them as beholders of assets, a bearer of rights as participating citizens of today and tomorrow. Changing our image of the children requires understanding and building relationships with them, inquiring about their lives empathically, and committing to support all children to develop their full potential.
In our guide A Culturally Responsive Guide to Fostering the Inclusion of Immigrant Origin Students, Carola Suárez-Orozco provides an overview of the latest scholarship about immigrant-origin youth including the first generation, language acquisition, potential responses to stress, refugees and students with interrupted formal education.
This shift in mindset involves redefining the desired outcomes of education, foregrounding competencies such as: the disposition to understand perspectives -their own and others- empathically; to inquire about the human stories of migration, to communicate and relate across differences, to recognize inequities in the experience of migration and to take action toward belonging and inclusion. These target outcomes imply a shift in mindset regarding the purpose of education: from “covering information” to “nurturing long-lasting dispositions.” They also demand the capacity to design instruction to nurture such dispositions through signature pedagogies over time.
To explore these ideas, read about the skills and dispositions we have identified as essential for a world on the move.
To be effective, educators will need to construct a novel view of migration not merely as “the unit we teach in the 8th grade social studies curriculum” but as a conceptual lens through which we can understand ourselves and the world around us and make informed decisions. Proposed is a new curricular approach centered on such foundational questions as: “Where do we come from?” and “What are the meaning of borders?”, with a goal of nurturing young people’s capacity to navigate their world with revealing questions and a rich repertoire of possible answers as they encounter novel cases of migration. Educators will need to deepen their own understanding of key questions about migration and develop the capacity to treat this complex topic in accessible ways across disciplines and age groups.
To explore these ideas, visit our learning arc.
This dimension of the framework invites educators to revisit their conceptions of learning environments often cast as buildings or “places” to recognize them as “cultures”— i.e., cognitive, social, emotional and physical spaces that constitute the “air we breathe“ in a school, community center or museum. Educators will benefit from appreciating these learning environments’ long-lasting power in shaping young people’s views of themselves, the world and others. Conceived as cultures of thinking, of empathy, inclusion, respect, and participation, these learning environments are constructed and sustained through daily interactions. Re-envisioning learning environments will demand that we support educators in their efforts to create and sustain such inclusive environments attending, for instance, to culturally and linguistically responsive interactions, to the role of models, opportunities, and routines in signaling belonging and respect for human dignity.
To explore these ideas in-depth, download our guide A Culturally Responsive Guide to Fostering the Inclusion of Immigrant Origin Students
Finally, we understand that the shifts in mindsets and the development of capacities and tools necessary to support immigrant-origin learners and their peers effectively will demand – in the best-case scenario – deeper forms of professional engagement. Our research shows that teachers’ capacity to engage complex and sensitive dynamics in the classroom is associated with their own sense of ease or familiarity with the issues at hand. Informal “life experience” understanding plays an important role in helping educators find their own place amidst human migration narratives and recast their role as supporters of the development of youth. New, more culturally sensitive, human-centered, and intimate approaches to professional development are in order. Practices that offer teachers ample room to reflect about their place in a world, values, and biases with others and develop their voice and capacity for influence.
Our framework was developed by Veronica Boix-Mansilla in collaboration with Carola Suárez-Orozco and Adam Strom. Reach out to us if you are interested in learning about professional learning opportunities based on the framework for your organization.